Agriculture

Wed
11
Sep

What's Up at the FSA Office?

by Jeremy Leitz, Allamakee County Executive Director (563) 568-2148

Upcoming Deadlines/Dates
September 20: Dairy Margin Coverage Program Sign-Up
December 6: Market Facilitation Program

Managed Haying Requests
For those who have stopped in to request managed haying on your CRP ground, make sure the bales are off as soon as possible to avoid killing of the seeding underneath, but no later than September 30. Any seeding destroyed due to the bales needs to be reseeded. 

September Facility Loan Interest Rates
The interest rates for September are as follows:
• 1.625% for 3 years
• 1.625% for 5 years
• 1.750% for 7 years
• 1.875% for 10 years
• 1.875% for 12 years
• 2.000% for 15 years

Wed
11
Sep

Can weed seed production be reduced with late-season herbicide applications?


Figure 1 ... Waterhemp seed, August 29. Submitted photo.

Figure 2 ... Giant ragweed seed, August 29. Submitted photo.

by Dr. Bob Hartzler, Professor of Agronomy - Integrated Crop Management News, and Iowa State University Extension and Outreach
 
Problems caused by unfavorable conditions this season have resulted in greater than normal weed escapes. These weeds may reduce crop yields and definitely will contribute to future weed problems via new seed. While it is too late to protect crop yields, a common question is whether herbicides can be used to reduce the quantity of viable weed seed produced by weeds. While there is no simple answer due to the many different scenarios across the state, in most situations late-season applications are not warranted.

Wed
11
Sep

Ergot: Six things to be mindful of with ergot in small grains and grasses


Figure 1 ... Ergot bodies (left to right) from bromegrass, rye and wheat. Submitted photo.

Figure 2 ... Mature ergot body on the seed head of bromegrass. Submitted photo.

Figure 3 ... Several ergot bodies on quackgrass. Submitted photo.

Figure 4 ... Ergot bodies will germinate giving rise to mushroom-like structures (1/2 to 3/4 inch in length) that release spores. Submitted photo.

Figure 5 ... At left, wheat spike with ergot body on uppermost spikelet and at right, wheat spike with honey dew (yellow to orange sticky sap) indicating a successful infection by the pathogen. Submitted photo.

by Andrew Friskop, North Dakota State University; Ethan Stoetzer, Iowa State University; Daren Mueller, Iowa State University; Darcy Telenko, Purdue University; and Keith Johnson, Purdue University 

One plant disease to keep a lookout for when harvesting grains and grasses for animal and human consumption is ergot. The ergot pathogen generates toxic alkaloids that potentially could create problems with livestock feeding, and when trying to market a small grain crop. This article will review some of the commonly asked questions pertaining to ergot.

Wed
04
Sep

What's Up at the FSA Office?

by Jeremy Leitz, Allamakee County Executive Director (563) 568-2148

Upcoming Deadlines/Dates
September 20: Dairy Margin Coverage Program Sign-Up
December 6: Market Facilitation Program

Managed Haying Requests
For those who have stopped in to request managed haying on your CRP ground, make sure the bales are off as soon as possible to avoid killing of the seeding underneath, but no later than September 30. Any seeding destroyed due to the bales needs to be reseeded. 

Elections for the 2019 County Committee
The election of responsible agricultural producers to FSA county committees is important to ALL farmers and ranchers with large or small operations. It is crucial that every eligible producer take part in this election because county committees are a direct link between the farm community and the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Wed
04
Sep

Manure Applicator Certification Program continues to train, protect resources

Three certifications were offered to Iowa manure applicators in 2019, in compliance with state law
 
Now in its 21st year, the Iowa manure applicator certification program continues to train and certify the state’s manure applicators on the best ways of handling, hauling and applying livestock manure.

Three programs were offered this year, in partnership with Iowa State University Extension and Outreach and the Iowa Department of Natural Resources.

Nearly 1,300 confinement site applicators attended the Confinement Site Manure Applicator Certification trainings, required for producers who have more than 500 animals in confinement. Currently, there are more than 1,960 certified confinement applicators in Iowa.

Some 2,218 commercial applicators attended the Commercial Manure Applicator Certification workshops. There are currently 605 certified commercial manure applicator businesses in Iowa, compared to 562 last year.

Wed
28
Aug

What's Up at the FSA Office?

by Jeremy Leitz, Allamakee County Executive Director (563) 568-2148

Upcoming Deadlines/Dates
September 2: Office Closed in Observance of Labor Day
September 20: Dairy Margin Coverage Program Sign-Up
December 6: Market Facilitation Program

Unauthorized Disposition of Grain
If loan grain has been disposed of through feeding, selling or any other form of disposal without prior written authorization from the county office staff, it is considered unauthorized disposition. The financial penalties for unauthorized dispositions are severe and a producer’s name will be placed on a loan violation list for a two-year period.  Always call before you haul any grain under loan.

Wed
28
Aug

FSA expands payment options

The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA) is expanding its payment options to now accept debit cards and Automated Clearing House (ACH) debit. These paperless payment options enable FSA customers to pay farm loan payments, measurement service fees, farm program debt repayments and administrative service fees, as well as to purchase aerial maps.

“Our customers have spoken, and we’ve listened,” said Bill Northey, USDA’s Under Secretary for Farm Production and Conservation. “Finding ways to improve customer service and efficiency is important for our farmers, ranchers, producers, and forest landowners who work hard for our nation every day.

Now, our customers can make electronic payments instantly by stopping in our offices or calling over the phone.”

Wed
28
Aug

Beef Quality Assurance training for certification scheduled for northeast Iowa September 18

Beef producers in and around Winneshiek County are encouraged to become Beef Quality Assurance (BQA) Certified. BQA is required for all who sell cattle to Tyson Foods, Cargill and Iowa Premium as well as several other beef processors and some sale barns.

The training will be held Wednesday, September 18, at the Decorah Sales Commission from 8:30-10 a.m. Participants are asked to preregister by September 16 by calling the Benton County Extension office at 319-472-4739 to ensure adequate food and supplies.

ISU Extension and Outreach beef program specialist Denise Schwab said the Beef Quality Assurance Certification meetings will focus on changes in packer requirements and the information that cattle feeders must provide to market cattle. This certification assures consumers that the beef they eat is a safe, high quality product and is produced in a responsible manner considering animal welfare and the environment.

Wed
21
Aug

What's Up at the FSA Office?

by Jeremy Leitz, Allamakee County Executive Director (563) 568-2148

Upcoming Deadlines/Dates
August 23: CRP Continuous Signup 52
September 20: Dairy Margin Coverage Program Sign-Up
December 6: Market Facilitation Program

USDA Opens Signup for Market Facilitation Program
Signup opened for the Market Facilitation Program (MFP), a U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) program to assist farmers who continue to suffer from damages because of unjustified trade retaliation from foreign nations. Through MFP, USDA will provide up to $14.5 billion in direct payments to impacted producers, part of a broader trade relief package announced in late July. The sign-up period runs through December 6.

MFP payments will be made to producers of certain non-specialty and specialty crops as well as dairy and hog producers.

Wed
21
Aug

Scout now for Palmer Amaranth


Figure 1 ... Palmer amaranth leaf with a petiole longer than the leaf blade. Folding the leaf over at the base is the fastest way to check for this trait. Submitted photo.

Figure 2 ... Waterhemp’s open canopy (left) compared to Palmer amaranth’s denser, leafy canopy (right). Submitted photo.

Figure 3 ... Comparison of a female Palmer amaranth flower and a female waterhemp flower. Submitted photo.

Figure 4 ... Female Palmer amaranth with long terminal inflorescences. Submitted photo.

by Meaghan Anderson, Field Agronomist and Dr. Bob Hartzler, Professor of Agronomy, Integrated Crop Management News and Iowa State University Extension and Outreach

Now is a great time to scout for Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) in Iowa crop fields. As of late 2018, this species had been identified in over half of Iowa’s 99 counties. While new identifications have waned since the widespread introductions in 2016, Palmer amaranth is a species to watch out for in virtually any Iowa crop field. A native of the American southwest, Palmer amaranth is more competitive than common waterhemp (Amaranthus tuberculatus), a pigweed native to Iowa. Both species are known for fast development of herbicide resistance, prolific seed production (>500,000 seeds/plant possible), and prolonged emergence.

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